Maths palace built by calculus 'rock star' on sale for £11.4m
James Stewart was an unlikely literary sensation.
The Canadian mathematician made a multimillion-dollar fortune by writing calculus textbooks for universities and high schools. Last year alone he sold 500,000 books, accounting for about $26.6m (£17.5m) in sales, according to his estate.
Stewart was also an unlikely architectural trailblazer. He devoted many years of his life, and much of his income, to building his dream home in an upmarket Toronto neighbourhood. Integral House – named after the “integral”, a concept in calculus – is a shrine to calculus, the mathematics of flowing change.
Stewart died last December, aged 73, and Integral House is now for sale at £11.4m .
“The house is a piece of art,” said Paul Maranger, of Sotheby’s International Realty. “When buyers go into the house the first reaction is a sense of awe.”
Stewart, whose other passion apart from maths was music, had two requirements he wanted the architects to meet: he wanted a house that was based on curves - which would require calculus in the design - and he wanted it to include a concert space.
After meeting with many top architects, he commissioned the Canadians Brigitte Shim and Howard Sutcliffe to come up with a design. Building work began in 2003 and finished in 2009. The house, at 194 Roxborough Drive, Rosedale, Toronto, cost more than £15m.
“I think it’s one of the most important private houses built in North America in a long time,” Glenn D Lowry, director of New York’s Museum of Modern Art, told the Wall Street Journal. “The curved walls make it almost impossible to relate it to spaces that you know. It’s one of the most remarkable houses I’ve ever been in.”
“I think the person who buys this house will be someone who likes to entertain,” said Maranger. “Not many houses were built as a concert hall. It was designed for a traffic flow of a couple of hundred people.”
Stewart studied at Stanford and Toronto universities, and was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of London researching harmonic and functional analysis. By the late 1970s he was back in , at McMaster University, Ontario, when one day he was approached by two of his students who suggested he write a calculus textbook, since his lecture notes were better than the book they were using.
He started writing. Together with his teaching and research he worked for 13 hours a day until his first book was finished seven years later. His dedication paid off - it was the first of about 30 books that catapulted him into the bestsellers lists.
“He was the rock star of the calculus world. His books were no 1 in China. He was for years no 1 in the US,” says Maranger.